The Effect of Touch Less Spiritual Therapy and Yin Yoga Toward Student’s Perceived Stress During Covid-19 Pandemic


  • Oda Debora
  • Sulistyono Sulistyono



Yin yoga, touchless spiritual therapy, student, perceived stress


Aims : The COVID-19 pandemic has brought massive changes in our lives. This change is also experienced by health students. Movement limitation, changes in social interactions, decrease in learning performance, and learning methods changes are just some of the stressors they tackled nowadays. Prolonged stressors will lead to psychological disorders, especially for health students. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of touchless spiritual therapy and yin yoga on student perceived stress during the Covid 19 pandemic.

Design : This research was quantitative study using a quasi experimental post-test design.

Methods : The population of this study were all students at STIKes Panti Waluya Malang, a total of 143 people. Based on Slovin formula, 60 samples were obtained which were taken using a simple random sampling technique. Respondents were divided into two groups, namely treatment and control, each group consisted of 30 respondents. The treatment group did modified touchless spiritual therapy and yin yoga five days a week for 6 weeks, while the control group didn’t. After 6 weeks, respondents of the two groups were asked to filled Perceived Stress Scale questionnaire. Data collection was carried out in the range of early November 2021 to late January 2022. The data was then processed with SPSS 26.

Results : Mann-Whitney U Test showed a p value <0.05 (0.03). This means that there was an effect of touchless spiritual therapy and yin yoga toward student’s perceived stress.

Conclusions : This study showed that during the pandemic, students experienced stress. Both spiritual approach and physical exercise provided through touchless spiritual healing and yin yoga could help students reduced their perceived stress. Further treatment was needed in order to develop our students psychological health so they become a resillient person which prevent them suffered from mental illness during the pandemic.


Torales J, Ríos-González C, Barrios I, O’Higgins M, González I, García O, et al. Self-perceived stress during the quarantine of COVID-19 pandemic in Paraguay: an exploratory survey. Front psychiatry. 2020;11:1155.

Kuang J, Ashraf S, Das U, Bicchieri C. Awareness, risk perception, and stress during the COVID-19 pandemic in communities of Tamil Nadu, India. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(19):7177.

Abdulghani HM, Sattar K, Ahmad T, Akram A. Association of COVID-19 pandemic with undergraduate medical students’ perceived stress and coping. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2020;13:871.

Zou L, Sasaki JE, Wei G-X, Huang T, Yeung AS, Neto OB, et al. Effects of mind–body exercises (Tai Chi/Yoga) on heart rate variability parameters and perceived stress: A systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Clin Med. 2018;7(11):404.

Della Valle E, Palermi S, Aloe I, Marcantonio R, Spera R, Montagnani S, et al. Effectiveness of Workplace Yoga Interventions to Reduce Perceived Stress in Employees: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Funct Morphol Kinesiol. 2020;5(2):33.

Lemay V, Hoolahan J, Buchanan A. Impact of a Yin Yoga and Meditation Intervention on Pharmacy Faculty and Student Wellbeing. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2021;

Rusch HL, Rosario M, Levison LM, Olivera A, Livingston WS, Wu T, et al. The effect of mindfulness meditation on sleep quality: a systematic review and meta‐analysis of randomized controlled trials. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2019;1445(1):5–16.

Saputra R, Mulyadi B, Mahathir M. Penurunan Tekanan Darah Pada Lansia Penderita Hipertensi Melalui Terapi Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique (SEFT) dan Akupresur Titik Taichong. J Ilm Univ Batanghari Jambi. 2020;20(3):942–5.

Zhu J, Arsovska B, Velickova N, Kozovska K, Nikolovska K. Acupuncture Treatment for Shoulder Bursitis. Imp J Interdiscip Res. 2016;2(12):823–4.

Meng H, Xu Y, Dai J, Zhang Y, Liu B, Yang H. Analyze the psychological impact of COVID-19 among the elderly population in China and make corresponding suggestions. Psychiatry Res. 2020;289:112983.

Winroth D, Hassmen PP, Stevens CJ. Acute effects of yin yoga and aerobic exercise on anxiety. Altern Integr Med. 2019;8(2):1–6.

Juniartha MG. Praktik Yoga Sebagai Sosial Religius Membentuk Perilaku Susila. J Yoga Dan Kesehat. 2020;3(1):84–98.

Dwitayasa IM. Hidup Sehat Bersama Yoga. J Yoga Dan Kesehat. 2020;1(1):83–91.

Huberty J, Green J, Glissmann C, Larkey L, Puzia M, Lee C. Efficacy of the mindfulness meditation mobile app “calm” to reduce stress among college students: Randomized controlled trial. JMIR mHealth uHealth. 2019;7(6):e14273.

Chodijah M, Nurjannah DS, Yuliyanti AY, Kamba M. SEFT sebagai terapi mengatasi kecemasan menghadapi Covid-19. Karya Tulis Ilm LPPM UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung. 2020;

Monson E, Arney D, Benham B, Bird R, Elias E, Linden K, et al. Beyond pills: Acupressure impact on self-rated pain and anxiety scores. J Altern Complement Med. 2019;25(5):517–21.

Yuan W, Wang Q. Perioperative acupuncture medicine: a novel concept instead of acupuncture anesthesia. Chin Med J (Engl). 2019;132(06):707–15.

Additional Files



How to Cite

Debora, O. ., & Sulistyono, S. (2022). The Effect of Touch Less Spiritual Therapy and Yin Yoga Toward Student’s Perceived Stress During Covid-19 Pandemic . Jurnal Keperawatan Komprehensif (Comprehensive Nursing Journal), 8(2).